Do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer 1:
For many years natural calamities and disasters have been mankind's greatest enemy. The word goes with its literal meaning 'natural', that is involuntary in nature. Humans have no control over it. Nevertheless, there are steps that can be taken to prevent it and reduce magnitude of its consequences. Taking this in view, some people think that government solely is responsible for protecting its citizens, while, others oppose this by saying that individuals play an indispensable role in safeguarding themselves. This essay will provide an in depth evaluation of the matter before coming to an appropriate conclusion.
First of all, in this high- tech world, it is nearly impossible for us to control or prevent these disasters. Nowadays, media in the form of Television and newspapers are creating awareness among the people to tackle these situations, even before they face it. For example, Cyclones; category 5 cyclone hit Australia in 2015, people were warned beforehand through TV about the occurrence and necessary steps were taken immediately to minimise the loss. Similarly, newspapers have articles about what to expect in times of earthquakes and so on. Furthermore, people today are much more educated to take initiatives themselves. For example, individuals nowadays build houses that are disaster proof.
Moreover, along with the citizens, government also plays an important role in protecting its people. According to me, a generous amount of money should be spent on architectural works. Buildings should be made so strong that it even stands high magnitude earthquake. One such example is, UAE, it is currently including iron pillars and iron wheels so that the building can withstand high force. In addition, government should provide to the people with adequate resources to reduce the amount of loss. For example, in cases of cyclones, sand bags should be supplied in abundance to the coastal areas to avoid flooding. Lastly, after the disaster has occurred, appropriate rescue plans should be executed with efficient medical facilities and compensation for the loss if practical, need to be provided.
To conclude, from the aforementioned contributions, it is crystal clear that the government has the major role to play in overcoming the disasters cause by natural calamities. But, to be mentioned, it works better if goes together with the co-operation of the citizens too.
[ Written by - Fatema Bohari ]
Sample Answer 2:
As much as the nature is beautiful, it can wreak havoc and the resulting natural disasters often do not come with a warning. A natural disaster can hit a region any time and it is always thought to be a responsibility of the local government to protect their people from it.
According to me, the government can be held responsible for a disaster that was predicted and could have been averted. For e.g. floods. Region which has high rainfall prediction has a high possibility of being flooded. Such regions should have more dams built which can control the excess water due to rain. Similarly regions with low rainfall prediction should have advanced facilities like rain water harvesting so that the people can get adequate water for drinking, farming, etc.
Having said this, the government may not be able to protect their people in all natural disasters for e.g. a tsunami, a volcanic eruption or a hurricane. Few years back two countries in Asia namely Sri Lanka and India were on the receiving end of the wrath of nature in the form of Tsunami. Thousands of people died and there was a substantial loss of property and livestock as well. Similarly The United States has witnessed many cyclones in history and the people have suffered a lot of damage despite The States being the most powerful country in the world with a strong government at the helm.
The citizens should be aware and take responsibility as well. Local governments of the natural disaster prone areas should take additional steps to forecast and broadcast the news to minimize the natural disaster. The forecasting system and technology related to weather forecasting should be updated to take precaution so that people of the area get the news before the disaster hot the area. The government should allocate a budget and manpower to help the victim of the natural disaster. Thus the devastating outcome of the natural calamities can often be reduced.
Thus in conclusion, I feel that government should be responsible for the safety of its people but in some cases it fails to do so against nature.
[ Written by - Ripal Vyas ]